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Heat Emergencies

Heat illness: increased CBT due to inadequate thermolysis

Heat cramps: pains in muscles exercising in hot environment. Excessive loss of salt and water in sweat.

Care: move to cool, sips of cools water, IV of normal saline, 15L/min O2, transport

Heat Exhaustion: more severe loss of fluid and salt.
Pale, sweaty, hypotensive
Headache, thirst, normal slightly elevated temperature

Care: move to cool, sips of cools water, IV of normal saline, 15L/min O2, monitor ECG, transport

Heat Stroke: extreme medical emergency, body can no longer regulate temp.
No sweat
Hot, red dry skin
Lethargy, fatigue, weakness, nausea, vomiting, dizziness
Confused, irrational, altered LOC
Increased body temp

Care: immediate cooling: ice packs at neck, armpits, wrists, groin. Immersion, fanning, IV of normal saline or LR, 15L/min O2, monitor ECG, transport

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