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General A&P Overview

These are common elements you will see on exams.

Anatomy: study of the structure of an organism and its parts

Physiology: study of an organism’s normal body functions

Pathophysiology: study of disease mechanisms

Homeostasis: normal state of balance between all the body’s systems. Injury or illness interferes with homestasis.

Body’s building blocks: chemical>organelle>cell>organ>organ system> organism

Organ systems:

[threecol_one]

Skeletal

Respiratory

Urinary

Endocrine

[/threecol_one] [threecol_one]Muscular

Nervous

Reproductive

Integumentary[/threecol_one] [threecol_one_last]

Circulatory

Gastrointestinal

Immune

Special Sensory[/threecol_one_last]

Body Cavities:

Cranial cavity/spinal canal: houses nervous and special sensory systems

Thoracic cavity: cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Mediastinum: houses the heart, trachea, mainstem bronchi, esophagus and large blood vessels

Abdominal cavity: houses the gastrointestinal system and urinary system

Retroperitoneal space: kidneys and major blood vessels

Pelvic cavity: gastrointestinal, urinary and reproductive systems

 

 

 

 

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